Hello! My name's Liliana. I'm a teacher of English (Language and Literature) to Italian teenage stu

mercoledì 19 settembre 2018

VERBS-gerund or infinitive

It’s dangerous/easy/amazing/difficult to_____________________________________________________
He promised to write to me every week
He promised me that he’d cook dinner tonight
He promised to me that he’d clean his room

SPEND   SPENDERE  She spends too much money on clothes, The company has spent lots of money on improving its computer network
SPEND TRASCORRERE  He spent 6 months working  on the project

DESERVE  He deserves to get a prize, He deserves to be locked up for life
FORGET He’s completely forgotten about the quarrel, He forgot to take his pills

HAVE FUN/HAVE A HARD TIME/HAVE A GOOD TIME I had fun dancing at the party,  I had trouble finding somewhere to park

TRY = ATTEMPT I tried to open the door but I couldn’t,  Try not to make so much noise
TRY=TEST, TASTE, EXPERIMENT Try using a different shampoo!!
TRY=to examine facts in a court of law  He was tried for attempted murder

ORDER He ordered them to leave
REMEMBER I must remember (not forget) to send my friends a message, I remember going to the beach when I was a child, I don’t remember getting to know you before
REMIND Will you remind me to make Jim a phone call?, You remind me about my youth
ADMIT He admitted taking drugs, She admitted being guilty

SUGGEST He suggested having the meeting at his house. I suggest that we park the car here and walk into town
He suggests that I should go home
 I suggested what to see

To live alone requires great courage (formal)
Living alone requires great courage
It requires great courage to live alone

lunedì 17 settembre 2018

Create some sentences about Romeo and Juliet using the following expressions:

HAVE A CRUSH ON                              











giovedì 14 giugno 2018



The books which students who will be in 5 Bl are advised to read:
Hard Times or Oliver Twist  Charles Dickens
Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen
Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte
Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde R. L. Stevenson
The Picture of Dorian Gray Oscar Wilde
1984 George Orwell
Brave New World Aldous  Huxley
The Great Gatsby F. S. Fitzgerald
Never let me go Kazuo Ishiguro

The books which students who will be in 4 Bl are advised to read:
Romeo and Juliet W. Shakespeare
Gulliver’s Travels Jonathan Swift
Dracula Bram Stoker
Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte
1984 George Orwell
The Great Gatsby F. S. Fitzgerald
Never let me go Kazuo Ishiguro

The books which students who will be in 4 Al are advised to read:
Romeo and Juliet W. Shakespeare
Gulliver’s Travels Jonathan Swift
Frankenstein Mary Shelley
Dracula Bram Stoker
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde R. L. Stevenson

domenica 27 maggio 2018

W.H. Auden reads 'The Unknown Citizen'


The Unknown Citizen  
was written in 1939, when Europe was in flames.It looked like a totalitarian system could prevail in Europe and take the place of democracy.

The Unknown Citizen is both satirical and disturbing. It was  written by Auden to highlight the role of the individual and the increasingly faceless bureaucracy that can arise in any country, with any type of government.
The unknown citizen is reduced to a mere number, a series of letters; there is no name, no birthplace or mention of loved ones.
From the beginning it is clear that the state is in total control. It has created a complete conformist, an ordinary man having a clean identity.
The state even calls him a saint, not because he was holy or he was particularly religious in his acts.
He was a good role model and he did everything that was expected by the government. He worked hard all his life and never did anyone complain about him. He satisfied his employers.He paid his Union dues.
He was married with five children. He bought a paper every day. His reactions to advertisements were normal in any way.He had all the necessary material goods to a modern man-a radio, a car, a fridge…but he never rebelled against the system, he never broke the rules. He served his country when there was war he never questioned the proper opinions. He had some mates and he liked having a drink with them. He never interfered with his children’s education.
He is a perfect citizen, a perfect conformist. He is the flawless result of a perfect system of propaganda, which takes away the citizen’s real control of his life. He has lost his critical thinking, his freedom of speech, so that an effective social unrest and protest is cut off and made impossible.
He is just a number and his process of dehumanization is complete. He didn’t have any original thoughts in his life, he just did whatever the government wanted, he had no real identity
Auden reminds us about the potential dangers in any system of government, in any bureaucracy anywhere, anytime - the individual can lose their unique identity, become a non-person, without a voice, without a say in how things are run.
At the end we have two rethorical questions, which are two examples of dramatic irony, For the speaker the answer is Yes, but for the reader the answer is No, of course.
No data or statistics about the man could have truthfully determined if his friends really cared about him or if he was really happy and free. He will die unremembered
The poem rhymes, but in a strange way.
Difficult words
 EUGENIST he is a scientist who works to improve society by manipulating the population
TO FUDGE present or deal with something in a vague or inadequate way, especially so as to conceal the truth or mislead(= evade, avoid)ex “The authorities have fudged the issue”
To FUDGE manipulate facts or figures so as to present a desidered picture  “ The company has been fudging figures to make it look as though targets have been met” (= falsify, fake, manipulate).

mercoledì 23 maggio 2018

A few days before taking second class students  to see the performance The Canterville Ghost, organized by Erasmus Theatre, working in pairs, I had them write a short story, which was supposed to be quite scary and disturbing, like the extraordinary one written by Wilde.
I gave them the starting situation and they wrote down the  rest of the story.
The purpose was also to make them use Past Continuous, a tense we had recently focused our attention on.
The students themselves chose the best story-, considering  the content, the characters and the way in which it was organized.
They gave it a score and the  best story was considered to be the one that got the most scores.
They were really enthusiastic on the day they chose the best story.
This is the starting point

One night a boy was going home after he left a pub. There wasn't anyone in the street and everything was quiet. While he was walking he suddenly stopped, because he was distracted by the sight of a deserted church. It was scary and mysterious, but the boy was curious and he wanted to come in, but in that moment he felt a hand on his shoulder, he turned around and he saw a woman dressed in white with blood on her mouth.

and here's the following story written by the students with the title : A passionate crime

she was a ghost and she was asking the boy to help her. The boy got scared and suddenly he fainted.When he woke up he was inside that church.The ghost stayed in front of him..He tried to run away but the doors of the church closed and he was trapped.

The woman started telling her story. In 1935 she was a happy and gorgeous girl, she had a boyfriend who asked her to marry him. She said yes.On the wedding day she wore a beautiful white dress and her magnificent veil, she was ready to marry the man of her dreams, but before going down the aisle, something terrible happened.
The butler of her family house was in love with her and he wanted her to stop the wedding and to go away with him.The woman told him the truth about her feelings, she didn't feel anything for him and she begged him to let her go.
The butler was disappointed and after he got furious and started beating the girl. It was a nightmare, she had no strength to react and at the end she died bleeding.

She never had any justice for that murder. The butler fled without leaving a trace and nobody could see him again. Vanished into thin air forever.
As soon as the ghost finished speaking, the boy stood up and started screaming at her. He didn't understand what he was supposed to do. The woman wanted to find the killer, who probably had got really old now, and kill him. In exchange she would give him the immortality after a deal with the devil....
the students said the story was supposed to be continued.......

giovedì 3 maggio 2018

 10 things the two novels BRAVE NEW WORLD and 1984 have in common

     1.   The concept of family is abolished
1984 Family isn’t a safe place
Brave New World----no family is allowed

2.    A central theme is the importance of CONTROL
1984  Control through fear
BRAVE NEW WORLD  Control through pleasure

3.    No interest in books and reading
1984 Books are banned---there’s a sort of  machine writing books

BRAVE NEW WORLD  No one wants to read books anymore

4.    No real information
1984 People are deprived of true information about current events and the past ones

BRAVE NEW WORLD  No one has a real interest in what really happens in the world. Everyone is entrapped in his own self and basically he is passive

5.    No TRUTH
1984 truth is concealed from us

BRAVE NEW WORLD  truth will be drowned in a sea of meaningless and useless pieces of information

6.    No CULTURE or real ART
1984 passivity

BRAVE NEW WORLD  trivial culture

7.    No real feelings
1984 no love, no real friendship, no solidarity
BRAVE NEW WORLD  only happiness connected with sex and the use of a drug-soma

8.    Disruption of traditional language
1984 Newspeak a new dictionary. It seeks to reduce language to the functional minimum so people cannot express their thoughts and fight against the system

BRAVE NEW WORLD  In Brave New World, language has been changed in many ways. 'Mother' is an obscene term. People are brainwashed with banal slogans like "I take a gramme and only am"
9.    Technological advance used against human beings
1984 new technology is used to constantly control people everywhere

BRAVE NEW WORLD   mass producing babies, the feelies-movie theatre enhancing all your senses

10.                    No individualism
1984 people wear a uniform, they have no real freedom, they cannot express their real thoughts, they cannot change class or condition, freedom is slavery is one of the slogans of the Party

BRAVE NEW WORLD   people wear the same colour as others in their class, they are born with a specific purpose to fulfil, they cannot move from one caste to another; the motto is community, identity, stability

1984 Mind map

mercoledì 2 maggio 2018

A short biography about George Orwell

George Orwell ⇒Pen name of Eric Blair
Born in Bengal, INDIA, in 1903
His father's job⇨ CIVIL SERVANT for the BRITISH consulate.
His family moved to England, when he was young
Unable to get a scholarship, Orwell moved back to India and started working as an administrator for the Indian Imperial Police.
He did this job only for a few days, but soon he didn't like it anymore.
In England, he did lots of jobs and then he started writing professionally.
His first novels were: Out in Paris and London

                                   Burmese Days
An anarchist in the late 1920s, by the 1930s he had begun to consider himself a socialist.
His socialist views began to make substantial in the wake of several worldwide events. He left for Spain where he fought for the Republicans against Franco's Nationalists.. He talked about this experience in Homage to Catalonia (1938).
Then he served for the British in World War II as a correspondent and it was after this that he wrote Animal Farm, published in 1945. It is A political fable set in a farmyard but based on Stalin's betrayal of the Russian Revolution.
In the 1940s he was a prolific journalist, writing articles, reviews and books.

In 1949 he published 1984, which soon became a bestseller. He died in 1950.
Huxley and Orwell The Webcomic

MISTAKES TO BE AVOIDED (taken from a composition about the job students might like to do in the future)

  1. When I' LL FINISH school I'd like to be a doctor
  2. I'm used TO WATCH films
  3. I LIKE this job since I was a child
  4. A lot of people SAID me that...
  5. I would like to be a doctor, because it is BEAUTIFUL to help THE people
  6. I know that THERE WILL BE MANY YEARS OF STUDY.......
  7. My mother SAYS me that I must study more
  8. The THINGS  that I like by the doctors is that they know a LOTS of things about the human body
  9. In the future I'd rather BEING an artist
  10. When I was young I DROWN every time
  11. Today I draw when I' VE free TIMES
  12. When I grow up, I'd like TO DO crossfit teacher
  13. DO this job is like helping people to restart their LIFE
  14. I love working with numbers and figures. I'm fascinated OF them
  15. In the future I'd like TO DO THE SINGER.....

  1. I started playing football at the age of 5 and FROM then my love for football has increased
  2. In the future THE SINGER WIIL BE MADE BY ME
  3. I think that the best job in the world is_________???footballer
  4. Since I was 12, I have always been KEENED on learning languages: They are different from one another, but it's very FUNNY
  5. .........because you have DONE mistakes
  6. Now I attend the third year of a high school and my idea DOESN'T CHANGE
  7. I've danced since I was 7. THE dance for me is life
  8. I want to ENTER in a talent show
  9. I've BEEN INTO  many dance COMPETITIONS and we have WIN a lot of medals
  10. When I'LL FINISH this school, I WOULD study in a school in Milan
  11. I GROWED up with all my cousins.....
  12. I'd like _______________________????start a career immediately
  13. I might move on to Milan, THAT IT'S considered the city of fashion BY all over the world
  14. When I'LL get ________???? diploma, I'd like to be................................
  15. I may BE get a good qualification when I'm YOUNGER yet 

My hobby

Why do people have hobbies?
What is your hobby?                                           
Do you spend money on your hobby?
When did you start it?
When do you practice it?     
How many hours a week do you spend on your hobby?
What do you like most about your hobby?
What don’t you like about it?
Does your hobby interfere with your work/study/personal life?
Do you know anyone who has your own hobby?                                                            
Do you know anyone who has no hobby?
Which hobbies are the most popular with girls in your country? With boys?                             
Are there any hobbies you would like to try?

Robinson Crusoe mind map

Robinson Crusoe mind map

lunedì 23 aprile 2018

The novel opens in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre, in the years A.F., or After Ford
Ford is the God-surrogate that many citizens of the World State believe is also Freud, the famous  psychologist. The Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning is leading a tour group of young students around a lab. He explains the scientific process by which human beings are fertilized and custom-made, and shows them the Social Predestination room, where workers create the social castes. They pass onto the conditioning rooms, where they reinforce the caste divisions by sleep-teaching.
The psychological conditioning process must ensure that people will like their condition, their social destiny.

Lenina  Crowne is a Beta girl. She's been dating regularly with Henry Foster despite the government ban on long-term sexual relationships.
To avoid trouble, Lenina agrees to go on a trip with Bernard Marx. They'll visit  The Savage Reservation, in New Mexico,  where people can live according to the old lifestyle- in other words, they can have the signs of age, they can get married, they can experience feelings like love and they can have children without using any scientific process.
Before leaving, Lenina and Bernard go on a date. He tries to show her the ocean, and to express some of his subversive views to her, but she cries. She convinces him to take soma, and they go back to his rooms and have sex. The next day, when Lenina asks him if he had fun, Bernard is pained at the way she seems to degrade herself.

He and Lenina go to The Savage Reservation. Lenina shudders at the unclean conditions. They meet John, The Savage. He tells his story to Bernard, and it turns out that he is the illegitimate son of the Director and Linda, a woman who disappeared twenty-five years ago.
John has  learned to read using a book called The Chemical and Bacteriological Conditioning of the Embryo and The Complete Works of Shakespeare, the latter given to Linda by one of her lovers, Popé. John tells Bernard his life story. He feels desperately unhappy and alone. Bernard identifies with John and invites him to return to London with them.
Bernard triumphantly presents Linda and John, the Director's lost woman and illegitimate son. 
Lenina is interested in The Savage, and so she takes him out, and much to her chagrin, they do not have sex.
The shame of being a “father”—the very word makes the onlookers laugh nervously—causes the Director to resign, leaving Bernard free to remain in London.
John becomes very popular in London  because of his strange life led on the Reservation. But while touring the factories and schools of the World State, John becomes increasingly disattisfied with the  society that he see.

The Savage refuses to appear at an assembly. This shatters Bernard's reputation. Lenina is absent-minded, thinking about the Savage. He tells her he loves her and she undresses. Disgusted by the sexual degradation of the society, he violently rejects her.
The Savage is in the Hospital for the Dying to visit his mother, Linda, who has been on permanent soma-holiday. He hears the low-caste workers and several children talking badly about her and has a violent reaction. Suddenly, Linda wakes, recognizes him, and dies. He attempts to destroy a large supply of soma, causing a riot, and the police take him away, along with Bernard and Helmholtz.
The three meet with Mustapha Mond. Mustapha Mond and the Savage speak of religion. Mond says that there is a choice between machinery, scientific medicine, and universal happiness-- or God.
The Savage flees, planning to become independent. 

He repents by whipping himself. One day a photographer makes a popular film about The Savage. 
The Savage becomes a celebrity. There is a huge riot which turns into an orgy. The next morning, reporters find that the Savage has hung himself

domenica 22 aprile 2018

About one month ago, one of my English colleagues, the English conversation teacher and I had students from two classes, (one from Liceo Linguistico and one from Liceo Scientifico) do an English activity, whose inspiration was taken from an Italian TV programme, " Per un pugno di libri".
The activity came from the idea of a possible activity that students from two different classes could do together (Parallel Class).

So the students were divided into two groups and were asked to stand into two rows. They created two "queues". Each student had to answer a question or translate a sentence and if he/she failed he/she was out, while if the answer was right (from the grammar point of view and from the point of view of coherence) he/she went back behind the row related to his/her group.

The group having the last student left won the game.
These are the questions we asked for:

  1. How often a month do you eat out?
  2. What’s the past participle of the verb sleep?
  3. How do you call the people who sit and watch a performance at a theatre or a cinema?
  4. Where do young people in this town usually spend their free time?
  5. Translate: Dov’è tuo fratello? E’ andato nel parco a giocare a calcio
  6. What’s the past simple of the verb ride?
  7. What’s the word used to refer to the raised area in a theatre where actors perform?
  8. Translate: Vorrei che tu mi accompagnassi alla stazione dei bus
  9. What’s the past participle of the verb think?
  10. Qual è il significato della frase What do you look like?
  11. Which month and day were you born?
  12. What’s the name of the British Prime Minister?
  13. What are you going to do tomorrow afternoon?
  14. Could you speak English when you were three?
  15. What is Promessi Sposi about?
  16. Translate: Stavo guardando la TV quando il telefono squillò
  17. What’s the past participle of the verb learn?
  18. Qual è il significato della frase What’s the matter with you?
  19. Translate. Ho fame, ora mi preparo un panino
  20. What’s the past simple of the verb bring?
  21. What is a traditional breakfast in your country?
  22. How do you call the words of a song?
  23. Translate: smetti di guardare la TV. La guardi da tre ore
  24. What’s the name of a person whose job is to find talented musicians and singers?
  25. Translate: Ho appena perso il treno. Devo prendere il prossimo
  26. What’s the verb meaning “prendersi cura”?
  27. Which countries make up Great Britain?

lunedì 16 aprile 2018

Some of the mind maps made by the students in the third class  about the effects of drugs and alcohol