Hello! My name's Liliana. I'm a teacher of English (Language and Literature) to Italian teenage stu

giovedì 25 febbraio 2021



1. Where is it?

2. What does it sell?

3. Can you find it in a department store or a shopping centre?

4. When do you go there?

5. Who do you go there with?

6. What do you usually buy there?

7. How much money do you spend there everytime you go there?

8. Why do you like it?

9. What sort of people are its customers?

10.      Do you prefer buying online or in stores?


giovedì 11 febbraio 2021

Summary-Lord Randal and Geordie



The poem is a traditional ballad, a folk narrative poem which was very popular in the late Middle Ages and was originally adapted for singing and dancing.

The well-known ballad ‘Lord Randal’ by Anonymous tells the story of Lord Randal who goes to the forest for hunting with  hawks and dogs. There he meets his sweetheart who gives him eels fried. Lord Randal eats them  and give the leftovers to his hawks and dogs. Since the fish is poisoned, they all die.

Young Lord Randal goes back  home. He is tired and he would lie down. Lord Randal’s mother asks what the girl  gave him to eat and why he is not accompanied by his dogs and hawks. He answers that she gave him eels fried in a pan and his dogs died after having eaten the leftovers. Therefore he is going to die. He will leave twenty-four cows to his mother, gold, and silver to his sister, houses, and lands to his brother, hell and fire to his lover.

All that is told through questions and answers that is in the dialogue form.

GEORDIE summary

This is one of the most popular English ballads. Like most medieval ballads, it is anonymous and its date of composition is unknown.

It has been interpreted both in a realistic way, that is to say as a true story, and as a moving and mysterious story of love and death.

The "Geordie" of the title is jailed for a crime; his wife (or lady) goes to plead for his life. The woman's attempts are for nothing and he is executed.

"Geordie" exists in many variants. The ballad has different versions created by traditional folk singers in Scotland, England, Ireland, Canada and the USA, and performed and recorded by folk artists and groups. The ballad concerns the trial of the hero, during which his wife pleads for his life.

A narrator comes over London Bridge as usual but one day he  hears a young woman lamenting for Geordie. She says he will be hanged and a golden chain will be used to do that  because he is of royal blood and has loved a good woman. This woman rides to London’s court. She asks the judge for Geordie’s release saying that his crimes weren't serious, in that he only stole some of the king's deer and sold them and says she has had three children from him but she loves him so much that she’s ready to give them up to save his life. The fair maid cannot save him as he has been sentenced to death. Geordie will be executed wearing a golden chain as a sign of his royal descent.




mercoledì 10 febbraio 2021

A short summary of the Preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray


The Preface to the Picture of Dorian Gray

 In the Preface to "The Picture of Dorian Gray" Wilde rejected the didacticism that characterized the Victorian novel in the first half of the century. According to him art is the cult of Beauty and can prevent the murder of the soul, whereas the artist is an alien in a materialistic world, he writes only to please himself and is not concerned in communicating his theories to his fellow-beings.

His pursuit of beauty and fulfilment are the tragic acts of a superior being inevitably turned into an outcast. Wilde’s Preface to "The Picture of Dorian Gray" may be considered the manifesto of the English Aesthetic Movement since it speaks about the subject of art and the role of the artist.

The artist is the creator of beautiful things but is not interested in communicating his ideas to mankind and he writes only to please himself.

He might consider the moral or immoral lives of people as part of the subject matter of his work, but art itself is not meant to teach the public anything. The true artist does not aim at proving anything and he makes no judgement of right or wrong.

What people call vices or virtues, are merely materials for the artist. Those who attempt to go beneath the surface of a work, or to find out a particular meaning in a symbol, do so at their own risk.

Wilde concludes the preface by saying that " All art is quite useless"; that is, art exists for its own sake (Art for Art’s Sake) and not for any moral purpose. On the contrary the two Romantic poets, Wordsworth and Coleridge, in their Preface to "Lyrical Ballads", point out the didactic role of poetry whose aim is to show the reader the negativity of Industrial Revolution. Dickens also had a didactic aim in his novels- he wanted to draw his readers’ attention on some of the social problems of his time.



sabato 9 gennaio 2021

Successful distance learning tasks

Interviews and guess what!

During this time characterized by distance learning (the so-called DAD) I've been trying to find activities which may work well with my students. The point is that you as a teacher must mix up lots of elements so as to try to have a lesson being as perfect as possible.

Don't stress your students out! No long explanations. Of course you must be short! 

Don't get them bored! Forget all those tasks that may be useful from the didactic point of view...but really they just create boredom! Checking the exercises out may be a big problem!

Anyway you must move on with the contents and the grammar points and the vocabulary and the speaking and the listening and the writing....Definitely a lot of stuff!!!!

Of course, something always working is connected to a kind of interaction! Asking them to interview each other during the lesson or before a lesson and then listen to them again is very  good and interesting! They pay attention trying to understand and decipher every single word said by their mates, especially if they're into the topic.

A successful task and quite a relaxing one, as the students themselves have told me, has been the one consisting in summarizing shortly a movie or a TV series and then reading the text aloud so that the classmates may guess the title.

It was fun and they seemed to appreciate it a lot !!!

domenica 20 dicembre 2020

WATCH THE VIDEO and ANSWER THE QUESTIONS (second and third year)

 Watch the video answer the questions

1)While watching the video (till  one minute )

Focus on the daughter. Write at least 3 sentences about her (her personality, her behaviour, her dreams)

Focus on the father. Write at least 3 sentences about him  (his personality, his behaviour, his problems)

2) Before watching the video till the end students are asked to predict what's going to happen

3) After having seen the video students should answer the question' What's the message of the video?', What's its meaning?'

giovedì 10 dicembre 2020

Has lockdown taken women back to the 1950's( Watch the video and answer the questions)


While watching the video answer the questions

1.      How many hours do women work more than men these days?

2.      Who finds it more difficult to stay positive?

3.      How many women fully-worked before the pandemic?

4.      What’s a survey? Translate into Italian

5.      What does the word earnings mean? Give a synonym in English

6.      What improves productivity, according to Jayne-Anne Gadhya?

7.      What does flourish mean? Give a synonym in English

8.      According to what the journalist says who is more susceptible to Covid 19-men or women?

9.      According to the kind of research reported by Julia Gillard do men and women share the same amount of household chores these days?

10.   What do job losses mean? Give an explanation in English

11.   What’s the percentage of women working in health and caring professions?

12.   What does flexible working mean? Translate into Italian

13.   What does employment mean? Give a synonym in English

14.   Women are conditioned to stepping in doing more home taking the burden on because it’s just a kind of legacy. Explain this long sentence in another way in English.

15.   Give a synonym of the word burden

16.   What does Julia Gillard finally advocate for men and women. What’s the best thing for companies and their progress?


martedì 1 dicembre 2020

Webquest about Greta Thunberg

 Webquest about Greta Thunberg

Find information about Greta Thunberg


1)Who’s Greta Thunberg?

2)When’s her birthday?

3)Has she got any brothers or sisters?

4)Where is Greta from?

5) What’s her nationality?

6)How old is Greta Thunberg?

7) What are her parents’ names?

8) What does she study?

8)Greta has Asperger's Syndrome. What is it?

9)When did she start protesting?

10)Greta started a school strike by herself.What day of the week did Greta miss school?

11)Which magazine named Greta one of the most influential teens of 2018?

12)When did she organize her first global strike?

13)Why did Greta travel to the USA on a boat?

14)Who did she meet on February 26 2020?

15)How many important speeches has she done?

16)Where was her first  globalclimate strike?

17)She says to older people, "We don't want you to be hopeful, we want you to..."

18)What does Greta Thunberg fight for or against?

19)What change does Greta Thunberg want to see in the world?

20))What can we do to stop climate change in Greta's opinion?



lunedì 23 novembre 2020

A real interview to someone who was young in the 80's

What was daily life in the 1980s?


Watch the video and create an interview. Ask one of your mates 10 questions about music, fashion, games, devices related daily life in the 1980's. Record your interview.

A real interview to someone who was young in the 80's         


1) How did you use to spend your free time in the eighties?

2) Today we live connected to the Internet, we know everything in real time from the news to the weather forecast to various information, in the eighties how did people get news and information?

3) What did you use to keep in touch with your relatives or friends?

4)How did you use to listen to music?

5) The eighties were also a decade of things, design objects and technology. What do you remember about it?

6) The first videogames were invented in the eighties, do you have any memories?

7) Speaking of fashion, what can you tell me about the main fashion trends in the 80's?

8)Which movies from the eighties would you recommend?

9) What do you miss the most about the eighties?

10)Why are the 1980's in our country often idealized as almost an idyllic time, in which everything went well, despite the bad things happening all round the world? 


1.      In the early eighties there was no internet, there was no google, there were no mobile phones and then we spent time with nothing, a ball or a doll depending on the sex, but also with a piece of plaster for drawing a bell, or a skip rope.

2.       To find out the news you had to wait for the only news broadcast in the evening and in order to carry out research it was advisable to go to the library.

3.       Not everyone had the opportunity to afford the telephone at home, so they used a very strange machine that converted coins into tokens and then found a free booth from which to make the call.

4.       Music was played through cassettes or discs.

5.       I remember the invention of the first personal computers, the first mobile phone in history: the motorola,  Rubik's cube was a mania for us kids of the eighties, a fever from which one could not recover, the walkman through which you could listen to music even outside the home, the swatch mania was also widespread

6.       One of the videogames that came out in the eighties and I have an unforgettable memory about it. It was pac-man, others there was frogger, pimbo a sort of pinball machine.

7.       Fashion in the 80s was exaggerated, colorful, rock, punk. We followed the memory fashions such as that of the "paninari" with their flu sweatshirts and boots, other fashion trends  such as darks, metalheads with their jackets, a fashion icon of those times was the singer Madonna who apparently started a shabby style for: ripped tights, extra large t-shirts, very short leather jackets, maxi jewels and exaggerated make-up.

8.       There are dozens of them that deserve: Spielberg's Et, along with Indiana jones, the Empire strikes back, The return of the jedi, The back to the future trilogy, The fleeing moment, Ghostbusters 1 and 2 etc. Etc.

9.      In the eighties we had more fun, there was much more socialization, we played a lot outdoors in short, we tried to change all that today has been buried by social media and the fashion label.

10.   They were years in which we looked to the future with optimism, we thought that the future would be better than the present we lived, from all points of view: economic, social, political, cultural and ideological



Find the indefinite pronouns used in the songs of this video.

martedì 17 novembre 2020

The workhouses and the exploitation of children


The exploitation of children during the Victorian Age

During the Victorian Age the exploitation of children was one of the most serious social problems. Poverty was very widespread and that was the reason why poor families sent their children to work at a young age.

 They usually worked in the streets as shoeshines, newspapers sellers, flower sellers or street sweepers, but one of the hardest jobs was chimney sweeping. Due to this awful job, children developed bad health conditions such as cough, sore eyes, lung cancer, deformed back and ankles.

Others were employed in factories or mines where they worked almost all day treated like beasts. Of course the salary wasn’t enough in relation to the amount of work. In addition, children couldn’t have the possibility of going to school, so the majority of them weren't able neither to read nor write.

The lucky ones became domestic servants or apprentices to respectable trades. Sometimes they worked even more than miners but, at least, their working conditions were better.

Finally the most vulnerable, like young orphans, were usually enrolled in criminal gangs and involved in several robberies.

To conclude, we can say that the situation was very demeaning and looking back at it we should consider ourselves lucky for the right to live our youth and, especially, to study.


giovedì 12 novembre 2020


Women's living conditions in the Victorian Age

You had to



There were

lots of


rules to


                                                                  One of these

          rules was



     It was for


       It wasn't a 

        romantic ideal.

It was

grounded on

economic reasons.

 The majority of

women married

and took care of

their husbands'


A woman had

no right to


All her


belonged to

the man she

had married

unless special



were done



Those without

money became



nannies or went

into trade.

A woman that  had

a child and could

not get married

was lost. She was

isolated and cut

off from society.

She was forced to live in a 

workhouse with her child 

A man could

have a

mistress and

even mistreat

his wife.

venerdì 6 novembre 2020





1.      Make new friends

2.      Get new information and opinions

3.      Promote yourself

4.      Empower your business

5.      Promote products and brands

6.      Collect money through crowdfunding

7.      Bring people that are interested in the same things together

8.      Communicate very fast


1.      Unreliable and false information

2.      Spread rumors

3.      Violation of privacy

4.      Stolen identity-fake identity

5.      Lower attention spans

6.      Lower grades at school

7.      Addiction

8.      Stress, anxiety and depression

9.      Brain and eating disorders

10.   Less time interacting face-to-face with your friends

11.   Cyberbullying

12.   Social isolation

13.   Meet haters or trolls

14.   Cheat on your homework

15.   Stalk people


mercoledì 4 novembre 2020

Summary of the video on The Social Dilemma

Watch the video and do a short summary (for the third classes studying the topic of social media- good points and bad points)

The Social Dilemma

Summary of the video

You can get easily addicted to your phone, social media tries to predict what you would like to see, making you keep using your phone and because of muscle memory you automatically check your phone and your apps.

The guy in the video who worked in the gmail team, thinks that this is manipulative and wants everyone to understand this with the film “social dilemma” .

The term social dilemma indicates the inevitable use of social media that doesn’t align with the public or social good.

The Social Dilemma

Summary of the video

When we’re using social media, we’re the product. Nothing is for free and when they say that social networks are free services, it’s just an illusion because big companies earn money by selling your data and thanks to advertisements. Social media’s addiction is related to companies’ earnings and that’s why they have to increase the time people spend on social media. To do it they try to influence people’s minds so that people want to spend time on their services. The sad thing is that even if you know all these things you’re not aware of it, you’ll continue to use social networks, maybe thinking that you’re free, you’re not influenced by anything but remember: that’s what they want you to think!

'The Social Dilemma's' Tristan Harris on How to Make Social Media Less Addictive

This video is an episode part of a famous talk-show broadcast in the USA, “

The Ellen DeGeneres Show”, in which the presenter has a conversation with Tristan Harris,

a former Google employee and a member of Gmail crew.

In this conversation Tristan, answering Ellen’s questions, talks about how he went from

being a Silicon Valley insider to become president of the Center for Humane Technology and,

overall, about a phenomenon described in his documentary “The Social Dilemma”,

from which it takes its name.

To get a start, this phenomenon is based on a commercial mechanism in which there are

two members:

  1. The service offerers, namely agencies or companies;

  2. The customers, namely the users of social media.

When an agency or a company posts a content on various platforms of social media,

users interested in it are a source of earning because their likes, sharings and views about

that content put together a social currency and so just think about this: the more is the

amount of social currency, the more is the amount of money the service offerer earns.

To continue, numerous are the factors that work so as to make that phenomenon to be real:

1)Lacking of some knowledge in the individual, in fact these agencies or companies

have more choices and earn more and more because the user is in this situation;

2)Studies on today’s society, in fact they are able to know what people like or dislike

starting from these;

3)Use of social media by children and teenagers, in fact this is a sort of bank because

they are the most devoted users on social media.

According to Tristan Harris, what’s more, social media is addictive, but we can’t do anything

because we are forced to live in it by society. So, as we get to know the problem, the only

way to destroy that commercial mechanism described before is:

tell the truth about manipulation and the manipulative power of social media


1) We're forced to use this system (That's the social dilemma)

2) Addiction

3) Inconvenient truth about tech industry

4)They make money from our attention

4)Randomness makes you so addictive

5) Outrage, narcisism, polarization,addiction, disinformation

6)If we're distracted we can be easily and strongly influenced

7)You see what it knows you want to see

8)They predict the perfect thing to make us stay longer

9) You feel excluded if you don't participate

10) Show children how it may be manipulative_no one wants to feel manipulated